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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Quarterly Report on Federal Reserve
Balance Sheet Developments

November 2012 (2.01 MB PDF)

Special Lending Facilities

During the financial crisis, the Federal Reserve created a number of special lending facilities to stabilize the financial system and support economic activity. Some of these facilities provided liquidity to borrowers and investors in important financial markets. These facilities were closed by 2010; however, some loans made under the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF), which is closed to new lending, remain outstanding and will mature over the next several years. 6

Other programs supported certain specific institutions in order to avert disorderly failures that could have resulted in severe dislocations and strains for the financial system as a whole and harmed the U.S. economy. While the loans made by the Federal Reserve under these programs have been repaid, the Federal Reserve will continue to receive cash flows generated from securities remaining in the portfolio of Maiden Lane LLC.

Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility

Recent Developments

  • As of October 31, 2012, the amount of TALF loans outstanding and the number of TALF borrowers had declined from their July 2012 levels, and only about $1 billion in TALF loans remains outstanding. TALF LLC, a limited liability company (LLC) formed to purchase and manage assets received by the FRBNY from the TALF program, remains in operation, but as of October 31, 2012, TALF LLC had purchased no assets from the FRBNY.

Background

On November 25, 2008, the Federal Reserve announced the creation of the TALF under the authority of Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act. The TALF is a funding facility under which the FRBNY was authorized to extend up to $200 billion of credit to holders of eligible asset-backed securities (ABS). 7 The TALF was intended to assist financial markets in accommodating the credit needs of consumers and businesses of all sizes by facilitating the issuance of ABS collateralized by a variety of consumer and business loans; it was also intended to improve market conditions for ABS more generally. TALF loans backed by commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) or by ABS backed by government guaranteed loans have maturities of up to five years; all other TALF loans have three-year maturities. Using funds authorized under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, the Treasury committed to provide $20 billion in credit protection to the FRBNY in connection with the TALF to support the $200 billion of authorized lending value under the program. This commitment was reduced to $4.3 billion in July 2010 to reflect the fact that only $43 billion of TALF loans were outstanding when the program was closed to new lending, and was further reduced to $1.4 billion in June 2012 to reflect the amount of loans that remained outstanding at that time as the program wound down.

 

Table 8. TALF: Number of borrowers and loans outstanding
As of October 31, 2012

Lending program Number of borrowers Borrowing ($ billions) 1
Non-CMBS 12 1
CMBS 6 *
Total 15 1
Note: Unaudited. "Number of borrowers" may exceed total because borrowers may be included in more than one category. "Borrowing" amounts may not sum to total because of rounding.
*Less than $500 million.
1. Book value. Return to table

The Federal Reserve closed the TALF for new loan extensions against newly issued CMBS on June 30, 2010, and for new loans against all other types of collateral on March 31, 2010. All TALF loans were extended by the FRBNY and will mature over the next several years, with all loans maturing no later than March 30, 2015.

Eligible collateral for TALF loans included U.S. dollar-denominated ABS backed by student loans, auto loans, credit card loans, equipment loans, floorplan loans, insurance premium finance loans, loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA), residential mortgage servicing advances, or commercial mortgages. At the time a TALF loan was extended, all eligible collateral was required to have a credit rating in the highest investment-grade rating category from two or more eligible nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (NRSROs) and could not have a credit rating below the highest investment-grade rating category from an eligible NRSRO. Certain collateral also had to pass an internal risk assessment by the FRBNY.

Additionally, all or substantially all of the credit exposures underlying eligible ABS were required to be exposures to U.S.-domiciled obligors or with respect to real property located in the United States or its territories. Except for ABS for which the underlying credit exposures are SBA-guaranteed loans, eligible newly issued ABS must have been issued on or after January 1, 2009. Eligible legacy CMBS must have been issued before January 1, 2009, must be senior in payment priority to all other interests in the underlying pool of commercial mortgages, and must meet certain other criteria designed to protect the Federal Reserve and the Treasury from credit risk. Collateral would not be accepted from a particular borrower if the collateral was backed by loans originated or securitized by that borrower or its affiliate except in very limited circumstances.

The loans provided through the TALF were designed to be limited in recourse to the collateral, generally allowing borrowers the option of surrendering the collateral to the FRBNY in full satisfaction of the TALF loan. The FRBNY's loan is secured by the ABS collateral, with the FRBNY lending an amount equal to the market value of the ABS, less a haircut. The haircut is a buffer which protects the FRBNY against a decline in the collateral's value. The Federal Reserve set initial haircuts for each type of eligible collateral to reflect an assessment of the risk and maturity of the various types of eligible ABS. Breakdowns of TALF collateral by underlying loan type and credit rating are presented in tables 9 and 10, respectively.

 

Table 9. TALF collateral by underlying loan type
Billions of dollars, as of October 31, 2012

Type of collateral Value
By underlying loan type
Auto 0
   Commercial mortgages *
       Newly issued 0
       Legacy *
Credit card 0
Equipment 0
Floorplan *
Premium finance *
Servicing advances 0
Small business *
Student loan 1
Total 1
Note: Unaudited. Components may not sum to total because of rounding. Data represent the face value of collateral.
*Less than $500 million.

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Table 10. TALF collateral by rating
Billions of dollars, as of October 31, 2012

Type of collateral Value
Asset-backed securities with minimum rating of: 1
   AAA/Aaa 1
Total 1
Note: Unaudited. Data represent the face value of collateral.
1. Eligible ABS collateral for the TALF was required to have a credit rating in the highest investment-grade rating category from at least two eligible NRSROs and could not have a credit rating below the highest investment-grade rating category from an eligible NRSRO. When pledged collateral is downgraded below the highest investment-grade rating, existing loans against the collateral remain outstanding. Return to table

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TALF LLC

TALF LLC was formed to purchase and manage any ABS that might be surrendered by a TALF borrower or otherwise claimed by the FRBNY in connection with its enforcement rights to the TALF collateral. In certain limited circumstances, TALF LLC may also purchase TALF program loans from the FRBNY. TALF LLC has committed to purchase, for a fee, all such assets at a price equal to the TALF loan, plus accrued but unpaid interest.

Purchases of these securities are funded first through the fees received by TALF LLC and any interest TALF LLC has earned on its investments. In the event that such funding proves insufficient, the TARP will provide additional subordinated debt funding to TALF LLC to finance up to $1.4 billion of asset purchases. Subsequently, the FRBNY will finance any additional purchases of securities by providing senior debt funding to TALF LLC. Thus, the TARP funds provide credit protection to the FRBNY. Financial information on TALF LLC is reported weekly in tables 1, 2, 7, 8, and 9 of the H.4.1 statistical release. As of October 31, 2012, TALF LLC had purchased no assets from the FRBNY.

 

Table 11A. Issuers of non-CMBS that collateralize outstanding TALF loans
As of October 31, 2012

Issuers
Ford Credit Floorplan Master Owner Trust A
PFS Financing Corp.
SLC Private Student Loan Trust 2009-A
SLC Private Student Loan Trust 2010-B
SLM Private Education Loan Trust 2009-CT
SLM Private Education Loan Trust 2009-D
SLM Private Education Loan Trust 2010-A
U.S. Small Business Administration

 

Table 11B. Issuers of CMBS that collateralize outstanding TALF loans
As of October 31, 2012

Issuers
Banc of America Commercial Mortgage Inc. Series 2005-5
Banc of America Commercial Mortgage Trust 2006-1
Bear Stearns Commercial Mortgage Securities Trust 2005-PWR10
CD 2007-CD4 Commercial Mortgage Trust
COMM 2005-C6 Mortgage Trust
CS First Boston Mortgage Secur 2004-C1
CSFB Commercial Mortgage Trust 2005-C3
GE Commercial Mortgage Corporation Series 2005-C4
J.P. Morgan Chase Commercial Mortgage Securities Corp. Series 2005-CIBC13
J.P. Morgan Chase Commercial Mortgage Securities Corp. Series 2005-LDP5
ML-CFC Commercial Mortgage Trust 2007-8
Morgan Stanley Capital I Trust 2007-TOP27
Wachovia Bank Commercial Mortgage Trust Series 2005-C20
Wachovia Bank Commercial Mortgage Trust Series 2007-C33

Maiden Lane LLC

Quarterly Developments

  • On November 15, 2012, the FRBNY announced that net proceeds from additional sales of securities in Maiden Lane LLC enabled the full repayment of the subordinated loan made by JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPMC) plus accrued interest. In accordance with the Maiden Lane LLC agreements, the FRBNY will receive all future cash flows generated from the remaining Maiden Lane LLC assets.

Background

In March 2008, the FRBNY and JPMC entered into an arrangement related to financing provided by the FRBNY to facilitate the acquisition by JPMC of The Bear Stearns Companies, Inc. (Bear Stearns). In connection with the transaction, the Federal Reserve Board authorized the FRBNY, under Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act, to extend credit to a Delaware limited liability company, Maiden Lane LLC, to partially fund the purchase of a portfolio of mortgage-related securities, residential and commercial mortgage loans, and associated hedges from Bear Stearns. In the second quarter of 2008, the FRBNY extended credit to Maiden Lane LLC. In addition, JPMC made a $1.15 billion subordinated loan to Maiden Lane LLC that was available to absorb first any losses that may be realized. After repayment in full of the FRBNY's senior loan and JPMC subordinated loan (each including accrued interest), FRBNY will receive any remaining proceeds. The LLC manages its assets through time to maximize the repayment of credit extended to the LLC and to minimize disruption to the financial markets.

On June 14, 2012, the FRBNY announced that its loan to Maiden Lane LLC had been repaid in full, with interest. This repayment marked the retirement of the remaining debt owed to the FRBNY from the crisis-era intervention with Bear Stearns. In accordance with the Maiden Lane LLC agreements, proceeds from subsequent asset sales and cash flow generated by the securities were used to repay the subordinated loan extended by JPMC, after which the FRBNY will receive all residual profits. The FRBNY will continue to sell the remaining assets from the Maiden Lane LLC portfolio as market conditions warrant and if the sales represent good value for the public. Additional information is available at www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/news/markets/2012/an120614.html Leaving the Board and www.newyorkfed.org/markets/maidenlane.html Leaving the Board.

The assets of Maiden Lane LLC are presented weekly in tables 1, 8, and 9 of the H.4.1 statistical release. Additional details on the accounts of Maiden Lane LLC are presented in table 4 of the H.4.1 statistical release. Detailed information on the terms of the loan, the holdings of Maiden Lane LLC (including the CUSIP number, descriptor, and the current principal balance or notional amount outstanding for nearly all of the holdings of Maiden Lane LLC with the exception of residential whole loans), and the sale of Maiden Lane LLC assets (including monthly lists of assets sold from Maiden Lane LLC and quarterly updates on total proceeds from sales and the total amount purchased by each counterparty) is published on the FRBNY website at www.newyorkfed.org/markets/maidenlane.html Leaving the Board.

Information about the assets and liabilities of Maiden Lane LLC is presented as of September 30, 2012, in tables 12 through 14 and figure 2. This information is updated on a quarterly basis.

 

 

Table 12. Maiden Lane LLC outstanding principal balance of loans
Millions of dollars

  FRBNY senior loan JPMC subordinated
loan
Since inception
Principal balance at closing 28,820 1,150
Accrued and capitalized interest to 9/30/2012 765 279
Repayments to 9/30/2012 (29,585) (1,121)
Principal balance on 9/30/2012 (including accrued and capitalized interest) 0 308
Most recent quarterly activity
Principal balance on 6/30/2012 (including accrued and capitalized interest) 0 1,100
Accrued and capitalized interest from 6/30/2012 to 9/30/2012 0 8
Repayment during the period from 6/30/2012 to 9/30/2012 1 0 (800)
Principal balance on 9/30/2012 (including accrued and capitalized interest) 0 308
Note: Unaudited. As part of the asset purchase agreement, JPMC made a loan to Maiden Lane LLC. For repayment purposes, this obligation is subordinated to the senior loan extended by the FRBNY.
1. Repayment amount for the period includes $0.7 billion of proceeds received from asset sales. Due to the cash flow cut off date used to calculate the cash available for the repayment, the portion of the repayment amount comprised of sale proceeds may not reconcile to the total sale proceeds reported each month. Proceeds received after the cut off date are applied to the loan in the next monthly payment cycle. Return to table

 

Table 13. Maiden Lane LLC summary of portfolio composition, cash and cash equivalents, and other assets and liabilities
Millions of dollars

  Fair value on 9/30/2012 1 Fair value on 6/30/20121
Federal agency and GSE MBS 384 402
Non-agency RMBS 3 106
Commercial loans 466 567
Residential loans 0 0
Swap contracts 372 458
Other investments 2 450 367
Cash and cash equivalents 395 1,011
Other assets 3 76 9
Other liabilities 4 (426) (473)
Net assets 1,719 2,447
Note: Unaudited. Components may not sum to totals because of rounding.
1. Change in fair value from the prior quarter reflects a combination of asset repayment of principal, change in the price of portfolio securities, realized gains and losses as a result of sales, and the disbursement of cash to in accordance with the Maiden Lane LLC agreements. Return to table
2. Primarily composed of short-term investments (mainly of U.S. Treasury securities), CMBS, and CDOs. Return to table
3. Including interest and principal receivable, amounts receivable for securities sold, and other assets. Return to table
4. Including amounts payable for securities purchased, collateral posted to Maiden Lane LLC by swap counterparties, and other liabilities and accrued expenses. Return to table

 

Table 14. Maiden Lane LLC securities distribution by sector and rating
Percent, as of September 30, 2012

Sector 1 Rating
AAA AA+ to AA- A+ to A- BBB+ to BBB- BB+ and lower Gov't/Agency Not rated (NR) Total
Federal agency and GSE MBS 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 45.9 0.0 45.9
Non-agency RMBS 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3
Other 0.0 3.6 0.0 1.0 3.2 41.8 4.2 53.8
Total 0.0 3.6 0.0 1.0 3.5 87.7 4.2 100.0
Note: Unaudited. This table presents the sector and ratings composition of the securities in the Maiden Lane LLC portfolio as a percentage of all securities in the portfolio. It is based on the fair value of the securities. Lowest of all ratings is used for purposes of this table. Rows and columns may not sum to totals because of rounding.
1. Does not include Maiden Lane LLC's swaps and commercial and residential mortgage loans. Return to table

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Figure 2. Maiden Lane LLC securities distribution as of September 30, 2012

Figure 2. Maiden Lane LLC Portfolio Distribution as of September 30, 2012. Two pie charts. Pie chart "Securities Rating Distribution" is a graphical representation of data from the Total row of Table 14. Pie chart "Securities Sector Distribution" is a graphical representation of data from the Total column of Table 14.

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6. For information on closed facilities, refer to www.federalreserve.gov/monetarypolicy/expiredtools.htm. For further information, including detailed transaction-level data on these facilities, refer to www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/reform_transaction.htm. Return to text

7. For additional information on the TALF, refer to www.federalreserve.gov/monetarypolicy/bst_lendingother.htm. Return to text

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Last update: August 2, 2013