Keywords: Investment, adjustment costs, putty-clay
Abstract: This paper applies some lessons from recent estimation of investment models with firm-level data to
the aggregate data with an eye to rehabilitating convex costs of adjusting the capital stock.
In recent firm-level work, the response of investment to output and other "fundamental" variables
is interpreted in terms of the traditional convex-adjustment-cost model, implying annual
capital-stock adjustment speeds on the order of 15 to 35 percent. In aggregate data, I find that
this "fundamentalist" model can account for the reduced-form effect of output on investment and the
estimated capital-stock adjustment speed is similar to those from firm-level studies B--around 25 percent
per year. To account for the slower adjustment to changes in the cost of capital, I consider a model
in which the capital-intensity of production is also costly to adjust. I find that this model can account
for the reduced-form effects of both output and the cost of capital on investment.
Full paper (514 KB PDF)
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Last update: September 23, 2003