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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
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Federal Reserve Board of Governors

Accessible version


Chart 1: Value of Currency in Circulation

$ in billions, at year-end

Year Currency in Circulation
1960 $30.4
1961 $31.3
1962 $32.6
1963 $34.7
1964 $36.2
1965 $38.0
1966 $40.2
1967 $42.3
1968 $45.3
1969 $47.9
1970 $50.8
1971 $54.3
1972 $59.2
1973 $64.7
1974 $71.4
1975 $77.6
1976 $84.2
1977 $93.7
1978 $103.9
1979 $113.9
1980 $124.8
1981 $132.5
1982 $142.6
1983 $157.7
1984 $168.9
1985 $182.0
1986 $195.9
1987 $213.4
1988 $230.2
1989 $242.3
1990 $268.2
1991 $288.5
1992 $314.8
1993 $344.5
1994 $382.0
1995 $401.5
1996 $427.1
1997 $458.0
1998 $492.2
1999 $601.2
2000 $563.9
2001 $612.3
2002 $654.8
2003 $690.2
2004 $719.9
2005 $758.8
2006 $783.5
2007 $792.2
2008 $853.6
2009 $888.3

Chart 2: Growth of U.S. Currency in Circulation (by decades)

Decade Growth Rate
1960s 5.3%
1970s 9.4%
1980s 7.9%
1990s 7.7%
2000s 5.3%

Chart 3: Growth of U.S. Currency in Circulation (year-over-year)

Year Year-Over-Year Growth Rate
2001-02 6.9%
2002-03 5.4%
2003-04 4.3%
2004-05 5.4%
2005-06 3.2%
2006-07 1.1%
2007-08 7.7%
2008-09 4.1%

Chart 4: Federal Reserve Note Print Orders

Calendar year print orders (in billions of pieces)

Year $1 $2 $5 $10 $20 $50 $100 Total
1990 3.15 0.00 0.88 0.78 1.64 0.27 0.44 7.16
1991 3.23 0.00 1.31 0.83 2.28 0.03 0.77 8.44
1992 4.06 0.00 0.67 0.96 1.45 0.65 0.11 7.89
1993 4.03 0.00 0.71 0.78 2.39 0.13 0.40 8.44
1994 4.19 0.00 1.02 1.04 2.36 0.19 0.61 9.41
1995 4.67 0.00 1.18 0.56 2.25 0.17 0.89 9.71
1996 4.52 0.15 1.16 0.93 1.54 0.41 1.01 9.73
1997 4.62 0.00 1.05 0.96 1.59 0.54 0.67 9.44
1998 3.95 0.00 0.67 0.64 2.99 0.52 1.09 9.86
1999 3.81 0.00 0.77 0.70 3.70 0.69 1.11 10.78
2000 4.93 0.00 0.65 0.52 2.51 0.00 0.16 8.77
2001 4.81 0.00 0.83 0.73 1.08 0.00 0.26 7.71
2002 2.66 0.00 1.50 0.91 1.54 0.10 0.68 7.40
2003 3.88 0.12 0.50 0.32 2.59 0.13 0.56 8.09
2004 4.23 0.00 0.49 0.45 2.59 0.38 0.71 8.86
2005 3.47 0.00 0.70 0.54 2.79 0.10 0.69 8.29
2006 4.51 0.23 1.09 0.68 0.70 0.20 1.03 8.46
2007 3.83 0.00 1.13 0.40 2.10 0.22 1.11 8.80
2008 3.40 0.00 1.27 0.97 0.41 0.06 1.30 7.40
2009 3.23 0.00 0.15 0.13 0.99 0.30 1.98 6.78
2010* 1.47 0.00 0.81 0.21 2.27 0.00 2.86 7.62

Note: Data may not sum to totals due to rounding.

* 2010 is budgeted Return to table

Chart 5: Mint Orders

Billions of pieces

Year Pennies Nickels Dimes Quarters Halves Dollar Coins
1990 11.1 1.1 1.6 1.4 0.0 0.0
1991 9.4 0.8 1.3 1.0 0.0 0.0
1992 10.8 1.2 1.8 1.2 0.0 0.0
1993 12.2 1.2 1.9 1.6 0.0 0.0
1994 13.5 1.5 2.5 1.9 0.0 0.0
1995 13.4 1.6 2.4 2.1 0.0 0.1
1996 13.0 1.4 2.7 1.9 0.1 0.1
1997 8.2 0.9 1.8 1.2 0.0 0.0
1998 11.2 1.6 2.7 2.0 0.0 0.0
1999 11.8 2.2 3.4 4.2 0.0 0.1
2000 14.3 2.3 3.7 6.4 0.0 0.9
2001 10.2 1.4 2.8 4.5 0.0 0.1
2002 7.4 1.2 2.6 3.4 0.0 0.0
2003 6.7 0.7 2.0 2.3 0.0 0.0
2004 6.8 1.3 2.3 2.3 0.0 0.0
2005 7.9 1.6 2.9 3.0 0.0 0.1
2006 8.2 1.4 2.8 2.9 0.0 0.1
2007 7.1 1.2 2.0 2.6 - 0.8
2008 5.2 0.6 1.1 2.5 - 0.4
2009 2.8 0.1 0.1 0.5 - 0.3
2010 1.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 - 0.2

Data through May 2010

Chart 6: Presidential $1 Coin Reserve Bank Orders from the Mint and Payments to Circulation

Millions

  Mint Orders Payments to Circulation
Washington 303 212
Adams 200 158
Jefferson 168 126
Madison 142 108
Monroe 114 106
J.Q. Adams 105 96
Jackson 96 94
Van Buren 99 93
W.H. Harrison 96 87
Tyler 85 82
Polk 82 76
Z. Taylor 75 71
Fillmore 72 71
Pierce 72 68

Data through May 2010

Chart 7: Federal Reserve Bank $1 Coin Inventories

Millions of pieces

Date Dollar Coin Inventories
Jan 2004 91
Feb 2004 92
Mar 2004 92
Apr 2004 86
May 2004 85
Jun 2004 81
Jul 2004 81
Aug 2004 83
Sep 2004 80
Oct 2004 82
Nov 2004 81
Dec 2004 75
Jan 2005 80
Feb 2005 89
Mar 2005 90
Apr 2005 91
May 2005 91
Jun 2005 86
Jul 2005 89
Aug 2005 85
Sep 2005 87
Oct 2005 86
Nov 2005 85
Dec 2005 80
Jan 2006 84
Feb 2006 89
Mar 2006 94
Apr 2006 107
May 2006 102
Jun 2006 94
Jul 2006 91
Aug 2006 88
Sep 2006 84
Oct 2006 81
Nov 2006 75
Dec 2006 67
Jan 2007 247
Feb 2007 189
Mar 2007 165
Apr 2007 299
May 2007 216
Jun 2007 212
Jul 2007 365
Aug 2007 282
Sep 2007 292
Oct 2007 434
Nov 2007 366
Dec 2007 368
Jan 2008 461
Feb 2008 412
Mar 2008 421
Apr 2008 518
May 2008 467
Jun 2008 475
Jul 2008 561
Aug 2008 511
Sep 2008 526
Oct 2008 622
Nov 2008 573
Dec 2008 580
Jan 2009 653
Feb 2009 638
Mar 2009 649
Apr 2009 725
May 2009 691
Jun 2009 703
Jul 2009 797
Aug 2009 765
Sep 2009 789
Oct 2009 883
Nov 2009 857
Dec 2009 878
Jan 2010 971
Feb 2010 940
Mar 2010 954
Apr 2010 1,033
May 2010 999

Data through May 2010

Last update: August 27, 2013