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  • SCF Bibliography

    The bibliography file below aims to be a comprehensive list of working papers and published work written using the SCF. The search underlying this effort was based on a limited number of indexes with imperfect search tools. Thus, the list may inappropriately include some papers and omit some others. In our manual review of the file, we corrected some of these errors. Others may well remain.

    Authors of papers using the SCF who would like to correct entries for their papers or to add citations of their papers are invited to request such changes by emailing us at scf@frb.gov. From this point forward, the intention is that users will be the primary source of updates.

    Inclusion of any paper in this list in no way indicates approval by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the statement of the research problem, the methodology applied, or the conclusions drawn. Similarly, no judgment is implied of any papers not included in the list.

    SCF Bibliography (258 KB PDF)

    SCF Working Papers

    Try, Try Again: Response and Nonresponse in the 2009 SCF Panel
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper (80 KB PDF) , September 2010

    Getting to the Top: Reaching Wealthy Respondents in the SCF
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper (398 KB PDF) , August 2009

    Ponds and Streams: Wealth and Income in the U.S., 1989-2007
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    FEDS Paper (2334 KB PDF) , March 2009

    The Bitter End? The Close of the 2007 SCF Field Period
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper (176 KB PDF) , October 2008

    What's the Difference? Evidence on the Distribution of Wealth, Health, Life Expectancy and Health Insurance Coverage
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper (396 KB PDF) , October 2008

    Look and Listen, But Don't Stop: Interviewers and Data Quality in the 2007 SCF
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper (304 KB PDF) , October 2008

    The Role of Over-sampling of the Wealthy in the Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper ( 128 KB PDF)

    Paper (HTML version) , July 2007

    Measuring the Impact of Data Protection Techniques on Data Utility Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Julia Lane, NORC/University of Chicago
    Paper (143 KB PDF)

    Paper (HTML version) , July 2007

    How Do We Know If We Aren't Looking? An Investigation Of Data Quality in the 2004 SCF
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper (117 KB PDF) , September 2006

    Who's Asking? Interviewers, Their Incentives, and Data Qualtiy in Field Surveys
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper (102 KB PDF) , June 2006

    Currents and Undercurrents: Changes in the Distribution of Wealth, 1989-2004
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Paper (458 KB PDF) , January 2006

    Disentangling the Importance of the Precautionary Saving Motive
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board
    Annamaria Lusardi, Dartmouth College and NBER, November 2005
    Paper (492 KB PDF)

    Managing Data Quality on the 2004 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Leslie A. Athey, NORC
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board, June 2005
    Paper (105 KB PDF)

    Consider the Source: Differences in Estimates of Income and Wealth from Survey and Tax Data
    Barry Johnson, Internal Revenue Service
    Kevin Moore, Federal Reserve Board, January 2005
    Paper (432 KB PDF)

    The Good Shepherd: Sample Design and Control for Wealth Measurement in the Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board, January 2005
    Paper (401 KB PDF)

    Darkness Made Visible: Field Management and Nonresponse in the 2004 SCF
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board, August 2005
    Paper (1.11 MB PDF)

    Action at a Distance: Interviewer Effort and Nonresponse in the SCF
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Federal Reserve Board, August 2004
    Paper (366 KB PDF)

    Reordering the Darkness: Application of Effort and Unit Nonresponse in the Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, August 2003
    Paper (349 KB PDF)

    Disclosure Review and the 2001 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Gerhard Fries, August 2003
    Paper (297 KB PDF)

    Making Complex Data Available to Users with Simple Tools: The Case of the Survey of Consumer Finances
    Ryan M. Bledsoe, August 2003
    Paper (321 KB PDF)

    A Rolling Tide: Changes in the Distribution of Wealth in the U.S., 1989-2001
    Arthur B. Kennickell, March 2003
    Paper (872 KB PDF)

    Interviewers and Data Quality: Evidence from the 2001 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, September 2002
    Paper (577 KB PDF)

    Editing the 2001 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Ryan M. Bledsoe and Gerhard Fries, September 2002
    Paper (424 KB PDF)

    Demographic Shifts in the Distribution of Wealth, 1992 to 1998: Evidence from the Survey of Consumer of Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, August 2002
    Paper (538 KB PDF)

    Modeling Wealth with Multiple Observations of Income: Redesign of the Sample for the 2001 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, October 2001
    Paper (39 KB PDF)

    A Comparison of the Household Sector from the Flow of Funds Accounts and the Survey of Consumer Finances
    Rochelle L. Antoniewicz, October 2000
    Paper (39 KB PDF) | Tables (23 KB PDF)

    Revisions to the Variance Estimation Procedure for the SCF
    Arthur B. Kennickell, October 2000
    Paper (85 KB PDF)

    Disclosure Review and the 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Gerhard Fries and Barry Johnson, September 2000
    Paper (210 KB PDF)

    Asymmetric Information, Interviewer Behavior, and Unit Nonresponse
    Arthur B. Kennickell, August 2000
    Paper (277 KB PDF)

    An Examination of Changes in the Distribution of Wealth from 1989 to 1998: Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, June 2000
    Paper (425 KB PDF)

    Wealth Measurement in the Survey of Consumer Finances: Methodology and Directions for Future Research
    Arthur B. Kennickell, May 2000
    Paper (181 KB PDF)

    What Do the "Late" Cases Tell Us? Evidence from 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, October 1999 (Revised February 2000)
    Paper (332 KB PDF)

    Measuring Data Quality In the 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, August 1999 (Revised February 2000)
    Paper (212 KB PDF)

    Using Income Data to Predict Wealth
    Arthur B. Kennickell, January 1999
    Paper (270 KB PDF)

    Workers' Knowledge of their Pension Coverage: A Reevaluation
    M. Starr-McCluer and A. Sunden, January 1999
    Paper (77 KB PDF)

    Revisions to the SCF Weighting Methodology: Accounting for Race/Ethnicity and Homeownership
    Arthur B. Kennickell, January 1999
    Paper (57 KB PDF)

    Analysis of Nonresponse Effects in the 1995 Survey of Consumer Finances
    Arthur B. Kennickell, October 1998
    Paper (182 KB PDF)

    Multiple Imputation in the Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell, September 1998
    Part I: Paper (78 KB PDF) | Part II: Additional Figures (1.07 MB PDF)

    Enhancing the SCF with Administrative and Alternative Survey Data
    G. Fries, September 1998
    Paper (62 KB PDF)

    Comments on "Recent Trends in the Size Distribution of Household Wealth," by Edward N. Wolff, Journal of Economic Perspectives v.12, no. 3, summer 1998, pp. 131-150
    Arthur B. Kennickell, Summer 1998
    Paper (16 KB PDF)

    List Sample Design for 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell, April 1998
    Paper (145 KB PDF)

    A Measurement of Household Wealth Using Survey Data: An Overview of the Survey of Consumer Finances
    G. Fries, M. Starr-McCluer, and A. Sunden, March 1998
    Paper (36 KB PDF)

    Gender Differences in the Allocation of Assets in Retirement Savings Plans
    A. Sunden and B. Surette, January 1998
    Paper (22 KB PDF) | Paper (56 KB Postscript)

    Market Definition and the Analysis of Antitrust in Banking
    M. Kwast, M. Starr-McCluer, and J. Wolken, Winter 1997
    Paper (977 KB PDF)

    Multiple Imputation and Disclosure Protection: The Case of the 1995 Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell, November 1997
    Paper (350 KB PDF)

    Pensions, Social Security, and the Distribution of Wealth
    A. Kennickell and A. Sunden, Finance and Economics Discussion Series 1997-55, October 1997
    Paper (296 KB PDF)

    Analyzing the Disclosure Review Procedures for the 1995 Survey of Consumer Finances
    G. Fries, B. Johnson, and R. L. Woodburn, September 1997
    Paper (178 KB PDF) | Paper (874 KB Postscript)

    Who Uses Electronic Banking? Results from the 1995 Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell and M. Kwast, July 1997
    Paper (178 KB PDF)

    Consistent Weight Design for the 1989, 1992, and 1995 SCFs, and the Distribution of Wealth
    A. Kenickell and R. L. Woodburn, July 1997
    Paper (310 KB PDF) and Appendix (4.7 MB PDF)
    Paper (918 KB Postscript) and Appendix (13.3 MB Postscript)

    Weighting Design for the 1983-89 Panel Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell and R. L. Woodburn, June 1997
    Documentation (136 KB ASCII)

    Household Saving and Portfolio Change: Evidence from the 1983-89 SCF Panel
    A. Kennickell and M. Starr-McCluer, April 1997
    Paper (69 KB PDF) | Paper (179 KB Postscript)

    Using Range Techniques with CAPI in the 1995 Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell, January 1997
    Paper (154 KB PDF)

    Weighting Design for the 1992 Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell, D. McManus, and R. L. Woodburn, December 1996
    Paper (1 MB PDF) | Paper (2.6 MB Postscript)

    Disclosure Review and its Implications for the 1992 Survey of Consumer Finances
    G. Fries, R. L. Woodburn, and B. Johnson, August 1996
    Paper (113 KB PDF) | Paper (720 KB Postscript)

    Retrospective Reporting of Household Wealth: Evidence from the 1983-89 Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell and M. Starr-McCluer, June 1996
    Paper (137 KB PDF) | Paper (4.2 MB Postscript)

    Saving and Financial Planning: Some Findings from a Focus Group
    A. Kennickell, M. Starr-McCluer, and A. Sunden, Finance and Economics Discussion Series 1996-01, January 1996
    Paper (40 KB PDF) | Paper (81 KB Postscript)

    Saving and Permanent Income: Evidence from the 1992 SCF
    A. Kennickell, November 1995
    Paper (135 KB PDF)

    Toward the Development of an Optimal Stratification Paradigm for the Survey of Consumer Finances
    M. Frankel and A. Kennickell, October 1995
    Paper (588 KB PDF) | Paper (1.3 MB Postscript)

    Using Graphical Analyses to Improve all Aspects of the Survey of Consumer Finances
    G. Fries and R. L. Woodburn, August 1995
    Paper (673 KB PDF)

    Multiple Imputation of the 1983 and 1989 Waves of the SCF
    A. Kennickell and D. McManus, October 1994
    Paper (103 KB PDF) | Paper (214 KB Postscript)

    The Challenges of Preparing Sensitive Data for Public Release
    G. Fries and R. L. Woodburn, August 1994
    Paper (617 KB PDF)

    Sampling for Household Financial Characteristics Using Frame Information on Past Income
    A. Kennickell and D. McManus, August 1993
    Paper (189 KB PDF) | Paper (2.3 MB Postscript)

    Estimation of Household Net Worth Using Model-Based and Design-Based Weights: Evidence from the 1989 Survey of Consumer Finances
    A. Kennickell and R. L. Woodburn, April 1992
    Paper (84 KB PDF)

    Imputation of the 1989 Survey of Consumer Finances: Stochastic Relaxation and Multiple Imputation
    A. Kennickell, October 1991
    Paper (152 KB PDF) | Paper (561 KB Postscript)

    Measuring Wealth with Survey Data: An Evaluation of the 1983 Survey of Consumer Finances
    R. Avery, G. Elliehausen, and A. Kennickell, December 1986
    Paper (146 KB PDF) | Paper (621 KB Postscript)


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